In baseball, an earned run is any run that was fully enabled by the offensive team’s production in the face of competent play from the defensive team. Conversely, an unearned run is a run that would not have been scored without the aid of an error or a passed ball committed by the defense.
What is considered an unearned run in baseball?
Definition. An unearned run is any run that scored because of an error or a passed ball. Oftentimes, it is the judgment of the official scorer as to whether a specific run would’ve scored without the defensive mishap. The purpose of the unearned run is to distinguish which runs a pitcher is at fault for allowing.
How is a homerun an unearned run?
There are two outs when a batter hits a ground ball to short. The shortstop boots it and the runner reaches first base. The next batter hits a home run. Those two runs are unearned because the error should have been the third out of the inning.
What is a team unearned run?
A “team unearned run” is considered as earned for the individual pitcher but unearned for the team, thus causing the imbalance. You can run the Team game-by-game report and look for periods (.) in the ER column to quickly identify where you scored at least one run as “team unearned.”
What does not count as an earned run?
A batter who reaches base on an error can never score an earned run. A run that scores after there should be three outs is never earned.
What qualifies as an earned run?
An earned run is any run that scores against a pitcher without the benefit of an error or a passed ball. … If a pitcher exits a game with runners on base, any earned runs scored by those runners will count against him.
How do you determine earned runs?
In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i.e., the run scored as a result of normal pitching, and not due to a fielding error or a passed ball). Any runner(s) who tags his base and reaches home plate is scored against the pitcher as an earned run(s).
Is a fielders choice an earned run?
(a) The Official Scorer shall charge an earned run against a pitcher every time a runner reaches home base by the aid of safe hits, sacrifice bunts, a sacrifice fly, stolen bases, putouts, fielder’s choices, bases on balls, hit batters, balks or wild pitches (including a wild pitch on third strike that permits a batter …
Does a passed ball count as an earned run?
Passed balls have commonality with wild pitches, as both allow a runner to advance on his own without a stolen base. … A passed ball is not recorded as an error, but when a run scores as the result of a passed ball, it does not count as an earned run against a pitcher.
Is a wild pitch an unearned run?
A wild pitch may only be scored if one or more runners advance. If the bases are empty, or if the catcher retrieves the ball quickly and no runner is able to advance, a wild pitch is not charged. A run scored on a wild pitch is recorded as an earned run.
What is K MLB?
Definition. A strikeout occurs when a pitcher throws any combination of three swinging or looking strikes to a hitter. … In the scorebook, a strikeout is denoted by the letter K. A third-strike call on which the batter doesn’t swing is denoted with a backward K.
What is an earned run average in baseball?
Definition. Earned run average represents the number of earned runs a pitcher allows per nine innings — with earned runs being any runs that scored without the aid of an error or a passed ball. … The formula for finding ERA is: 9 x earned runs / innings pitched.
Does the runner on second count as an earned run?
The runner placed on second base at the start of each half-inning in extras will be the player in the batting order immediately preceding that half-inning’s leadoff hitter, or a pinch-runner. … If the automatic runner comes around to score, an earned run will not be charged to the pitcher.
What does BB mean in baseball?
Definition. A walk (or base on balls) occurs when a pitcher throws four pitches out of the strike zone, none of which are swung at by the hitter. After refraining from swinging at four pitches out of the zone, the batter is awarded first base. In the scorebook, a walk is denoted by the letters BB.
What are the run rules in baseball?
The 10 Run Rule, also known as the Mercy Rule, is when a game ends early due to one team being up by ten runs or more after a specified number of innings. This rule is in place to prevent one team from running up the score while ensuring the game ends in a reasonable amount of time.
What does IP mean in baseball?
Definition. Innings pitched measures the number of innings a pitcher remains in a game. Because there are three outs in an inning, each out recorded represents one-third of an inning pitched.